Also know as congenital talipes equinovarus, clubfoot is a congenital abnormality resulting in the internal rotation of the foot at the ankle. It is relatively common, affecting 1:1000 births. However if treated early, the individual can recover completely.
Also known as pinkeye, this highly contagious disease is most often caused by adenovirus. It results in the inflammation of the lining of the eye.
This is a collection of blood between the meningeal layers the dura mater and the arachnoid mater. It is most often associated with traumatic brain injuries.
This is a hormone produced by adipose tissue that regulates food intake and body weight. There is thought to be a link between leptin resistance and obesity. The mouse on the left is unable to produce leptin, resulting in obesity in comparison to the normal mouse on the right.
This disease features inflammation of the fibrous sac around the heart (pericardium), resulting in chest pain.
The lungs of a patient with bullous emphysema, where the elastin in the lung tissue has been destroyed. This results in loss of alveolar structure and merging to form large bubbles of air, see at the lung apices.
This slide shows the structure of the uterus, including the myometrium and stratum basalis and stratum functionalis of the endometrium. The stratum functionalis is the layer sloughed of in menstrual bleeding.
Thank you, that’s actually so lovely to hear! Glad my procrastination is helpful xxx
In this disease, hypersensitivity reactions lead severe inflammation, causing thickening of the epithelial basement membrane, metaplasia of goblet cell and mucoid exudate which can obstruct the lung and cause shortness of breath.
This congenital disease features hyperkeratinisation, or abnormal thickening of the keratin layer of the fetus’s skin which limits their movement and predisposes them to infection. It is thought to be due to mutations on the ABCA12 gene and is associated with severe cranial and facial deformities.
Also know as hemihyperplasia, this condition involves one half of the body being larger than the other. As well as being associated with some embryological cancers, it can put the sufferer at risk of scoliosis.
This nephroblastoma (cancer of the renal cells) is one of the more common childhood cancers. It usually presents as an abdominal mass in children about 3 years of age.
Hey there, thank you so much! Polycoria is very rare, so there’s not a whole lot of literature around, but it sounds like it would affect the vision somewhat. Because light would still be able to enter one of the pupils and focus on the retina, you would likely be able to focus your eyes and see. However, there would be extra light coming in through the other pupils so you may be potentially photosensitive or have lots of glare which could hinder vision. This is basically just a semi-educated guess though, hope it quells a bit of curiosity!